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Peace Agreement Between Israel And Egypt

The most difficult problems were land and water. In the years following the 1967 war, Israel had invaded the land of Jordan south of the Dead Sea and seized 380 square kilometres of land, about as large as the Gaza Strip, but mostly deserted. On 12 October, Rabin and Hussein agreed on a compromise drawn up by Hassan and Halevy. The border would be slightly adjusted, but the Jordanians would get the country back. Jordan would also benefit from a generous increase in water from the Jordan Valley. At the banquet of the night, Clinton spoke of the king`s extraordinary courage in seeking peace. He compared him to his grandfather, who was murdered for his conversations with Israel. Hussein had lived through the murder of King Abdullah and had himself narrowly escaped death – in fact, the killer`s bullet ripped off a medal worn by his grandfather that day. Hussein was visibly moved. The king also considered the negotiation process to be almost more of a religious experience than a diplomatic solution to the passions of the Arab-Israeli conflict. He spoke movingly about the restoration of peace among the children of Abraham. He wanted a warm peace, not the cold peace between Egypt and Israel. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (1918-1981) and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (1913-1992) signed the agreement.

The agreement came 16 months after Sadat traveled to Jerusalem – an unprecedented move by an Arab leader who angered much of the Muslim world – to meet Begin and address the Israeli parliament. In September 1978, under Carter`s leadership, the two heads of state met in the United States, negotiating a framework agreement known as Camp David Accords. Sadat and Begin were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 for their achievements. Sadaat`s peace efforts were not so appreciated in the Arab world – Egypt was suspended by the Arab League and on 6 October 1981, Muslim extremists murdered in Sadat, Cairo. Nevertheless, the peace process continued without Sadat, and in 1982 Egypt officially entered into diplomatic relations with Israel. Carter visited the heads of state he should rely on to allow a peace agreement. By the end of his first year in office, he had already met with Anwar El Sadat of Egypt, King Hussein of Jordan, Hafez al-Assad of Syria and Yitzhak Rabin of Israel. Despite his support for the Sadat peace initiative, King Hussein refused to participate in the peace talks; B├ęgin offered little to Jordan, and Hussein also feared that he would isolate Jordan from the Arab world and provoke Syria and the PLO if he participated in the peace talks.

[7] Hafez al-Assad, who was not interested in peace negotiations with Israel,[8] refused to come to the United States and only agreed to meet Carter in Geneva. The king sent Crown Prince Hassan to Washington to assess the damage. Clinton used her influence to solve the crisis. Hussein never trusted or respected Netanyahu afterwards, and peace has been frosty ever since.

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