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What Is The Cancun Agreement

During the drafting group meetings, the parties first discussed whether to proceed on the basis of a new text or on the basis of the text transmitted by Tianjin. A number of parties in developed countries supported the use of the new text, while many developing countries preferred the Tianjin text. The parties agreed to give the Facilitator a mandate to streamline the Tianjin text, taking into account the fact that it is based on discussions on the elements to be included in the text and submitted to the avant-garde group for further consideration. The parties then made opening statements. Yemen, for the G-77/China, called on The Schedule I parties to bridge the gap between current emissions reduction commitments and what the scientific community is asking for. Belgium said within the EU that the Cancun result should preserve the architecture of the Kyoto Protocol and confirm the continuation of the Kyoto Protocol institutions, but noted that progress under the KP alone would not be enough. Australia, for umbrella Group, said the AWG-KP agreement should be part of an overall outcome, including the AWG-LCA. For more information on the opening instructions, see: enb.iisd.org/vol12/enb12488e.html. A long-term common vision of the Cancun Agreement aims to limit global warming below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It also recognises the need to strengthen this target on the basis of scientific progress and to consider a target of 1.5oC at a later date. The common vision of the Cancun agreement is not about an explicit long-term goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions, atmospheric GHG concentrations or a peak year.

Instead, it postpones such a decision to the next meeting. (Kelly Levin) India presented proposals that became at the heart of the agreement, putting its minister in a leadership position before and during the meeting. President Espinosa stressed the rapid approach of the deadline and proposed further consultations overnight. She said that in a few hours, the Secretariat would release draft texts that reflect the work done during the informal consultations. She called on the parties to look beyond their national interests in order to reach an agreement by Friday evening. However, there have been gaps and problems that need to be resolved before the next round of climate talks in Durban, South Africa, in 2011. The reality is that the countries themselves, with the decisions taken in Cancun, will fall short of what science says, in order to avoid the worst effects of climate change and to help countries sufficiently to cope with them. I hope that next year countries will increase their ambitions for 2020. In addition, next year will be crucial to complete the details of the Cancun agreements, so that Durban can make final decisions and operationalization can begin. COP/MOP conclusions: In its findings on Croatia`s appeal (FCCC/KP/CMP/2010/L.7), the COP/MOP notes that it has opened the appeal; was unable to complete the review of this item at that meeting; and this item is therefore on the provisional agenda of COP/MOP 7. It also asks the Secretariat to develop a technical document that specifies the procedural requirements and the scope and content of the law applicable to the review of appeals; and the approach taken by bodies formed under other multilateral environmental agreements and other international bodies with regard to the provisions for reviewing the refusal of an ordinary procedure.

Bolivia reiterated its opposition to the adoption of the AWG-LCA report.

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